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Limitations of nearest-neighbour quantum networks

  • Frederik Hahn, Axel Dahlberg, Jens Eisert, Anna Pappa

Quantum communication research has in recent years shifted to include multi-partite networks for which questions of quantum network routing naturally emerge. To understand the potential for multi-partite routing, we focus on the most promising architectures for future quantum networks – those connecting nodes close to each other. Nearest-neighbour networks such as rings, lines, and grids, have been studied under different communication scenarios to facilitate the sharing of quantum resources, especially in the presence of bottlenecks. We here analyze the potential of nearest-neighbour quantum networks and identify some serious limitations, by demonstrating that rings and lines cannot overcome common bottleneck communication problems.

Frederik Hahn, Axel Dahlberg, Jens Eisert, Anna Pappa

arXiv:2202.10886 [quant-ph]